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全国2 0 1 3年1月高等教育自学考试
1. ______ English, they have to study a second foreign language.
A. Except B. Except for
C. Besides D. Beside
2. Without trees our world ______ a much drier place.
A. is B. will be
C. would be D. must be
3.I would have gone with you, but I ______ too tired.
A. was B. had been
C. must be D. must have been
4. His father was an under-paid worker, ______ hard life turned him into a rebel.
A. whose B. which
C. of whose D. of which
5. The electricity was cut off while the film ______ ．
A. was shown B. was to show
C. was showing D. was being shown
6．What ______ honest man he is．
C. the D. an
7. I’d like to have ______ with you sometime this week about your approaching examination.
A. a word B. some word
C. some words D. one word
8. Only in recent years ______ begun to realize that wild dogs, kept within bounds, often do more good than harm.
A. people have B. since people have
C. have people D. people who have
9． ______ makes mistakes must correct them.
A. What B. That
C. Whoever D. Whatever
10. It worried her a bit ______ her hair was turning gray.
A. while B. that
C. if D. for
11. Have you seen Henry lately? My boss wants to know ______ .
A. how he is getting along B. how is he getting along
C. what he is getting along D. what is he getting along
12.I don’t know how to get Susan to give up smoking, but I’m going to do it ______ .
A. in any case B. in no case
C. by some means D. by no means
13. Human beings ______ a lot to the birds and beasts who eat insects.
A. oblige B.owe
C. thank D. gratitude
14. ______ , the worse I seem to feel.
A. When I take some medicine B. The more medicine I take
C. Taking more of the medicine D. The more medicine taken
15. He spoke so ______ that even his opponents were impressed by his words.
A. frankly B. clearly
C. convincingly D. loudly
There is a workman in America who earns as much as a company director. He is Max Quarterman, a thirty-year-old plasterer（泥瓦匠）．
Max lives in an upper middle-class housing estate. His 16 are mostly bank managers, business executives, airline pilots and the like, but Max’s seven-bedroom house— 17 $
80,000—is the largest in the area. 18 outside the house are Max’s $7000 sports car and his wife’s Morris Mini. 19 is a 150 color TV set and the family’s pride— a circular bath with gold-plated taps. There are also many labor—saving 20 and luxury（豪华） furniture.
How can a plasterer 21 all this? The answer, says Max, is hard work. In partnership with another plasterer, Max does contract plastering jobs for a firm. The owner of the firm 22
them as human machines, the best and quickest in the 23 , who can do as much in two days as any two-man team can in two weeks.
How do they 24 it? Not by working overtime. They work a normal eight-hour day, five days a week. The secret 25 in Max’s hod（桶） in which he carries the plaster(石膏) to the site of the job. Max’s is a superhod—it contains double the usual weight of plaster, and Max, a strong fellow, runs when he carries it. More time is thus 26 to get on with the plastering. Besides, 27 man wastes time smoking, and they 28 their lunch break to a 29 of an hour a day. Now Max earns over $800 a week which is four times the average weekly pay in America today, and if he gets as 30 as $150, it’s a disaster.
16. A. friends B. neighbors
C. relatives D. colleagues
17.A.worthy B. spending
C. costing D. worth
18. A. Stopped B. Stopping
C. Parked D. Parking
19.A.Indoors B. Outdoors
C. Nearby D. Inside
20. A. objects B. devices
C. articles D. materials
21.A.buy B. use
C. afford D. provide
22.A.tells B. says
C. compares D. describes
23.A.trade B. job
C. area D. walk
24.A. manage B. get
C. do D. finish
25.A. is B. lies
C. hides D. falls
26.A.left B. needed
C. spent D. kept
27.A. both B. either
C. neither D. each
28.A.have B. cut
C. miss D. spend
29.A.time B. period
C. limit D. total
30.A. much B. little
C. more D. less
31. As long as we could look forward to getting a drink ［of that water］ later, there was something to live for.
A. We were all eager to drink that water.
B. We shouldn’t just live for a drink of water.
C. If we had drunk up the water, we would be dead.
D. We needed something to live for, and now it was the hope of getting a drink of that water.
32. If they ［parents］ give in, they feel regret and resentment over having been a pushover.
A. They make up their mind to be more strict.
B. They never regret that they have given in.
C. They feel upset that they haven’t been kind enough.
D. They are sorry and angry that they haven’t been firm enough.
33. What was a butterfly to do among bulls and bears?
A. It was absolutely impossible for a butterfly to win when competing with bulls and bears.
B. He was doomed to failure in the stock market because he was always expecting too much.
C. A person who couldn’t settle down on any job was sure to fail in the stock market.
D. As he didn’t have much money, he couldn’t be successful in the stock market.
34. Rapport to most of us (Americans) is less important than performance.
A. In the business world, most of us (Americans) consider establishing close relationship with others is more important than going to have performance with them.
B. Most of us (Americans) measure our potential business partners by what they have done instead of what they have said in their reports.
C. When we (Americans) do business with others, whether they are successful is most important; relationship doesn’t count.
D. In business dealings, most of us (Americans) pay more attention to the previous achievements of the other party than to their personal relationship with us.
35. Food was short: his vegetable garden became less a hobby than a necessity.
A. Due to lack of food, it was necessary for him to plant vegetables.
B. He used to plant vegetables as a hobby. Now because of lack of food, it became his necessary labor.
C. Planting vegetables was not his hobby, but he had to work in his garden.
D. Without enough food, he had to plant vegetables in his garden.
36. I can identify with you because I’m able to see myself in you and you in me.
A. I’m able to understand you for you look like me and I look like you.
B. I’m able to understand you for we can find ourselves in each other.
C. We bear some resemblance to each other so I can recognize you.
D. I can identify with you because I have extraordinary power and can see me in you and you in me.
37. Seven days before the design is due, I’m still deadlocked.
A. While the deadline is drawing near, I’m locked in a deadly trap.
B. While the deadline is drawing near, I meet with a difficult problem.
C. While the deadline is drawing near, I still have the problems unsolved.
D. While the deadline is drawing near, I develop a terrible case of bloodshot eyes.
38.“If you think I’m going to raise a good-for-nothing,” she said,“ you’ve got another think coming.”
A.“ If you think I’m going to bring up a useless person,” she said,“ you are completely wrong.”
B.“If you think I’m going to bring up a useless person,” she said,“ you should think about it carefully.”
C.“If you think I’m going to bring up a useless person,” she said,“ you are thinking something else.”
D.“You are wrong to think I’m going to bring up a useless person for you are very promising,” she said.
39. He could think of no answer but the truth.
A. He had to tell the real fact because he could not find other answers.
B. He had to tell the truth if he was asked.
C. He had to tell the truth if he could not answer.
D. He answered but that was not the real fact.
40. It would be a shallow kind of optimism to assume that the introduction of the art of inventing has been an immediate and unmixed blessing to mankind.
A. It would be a shallow kind of optimism to believe that the introduction of the art of inventing has directly benefited only mankind.
B. It would be a shallow kind of optimism to believe that the introduction of the art of inventing has benefited mankind directly.
C. It would be a shallow kind of optimism to think that the introduction of the art of inventing has blessed mankind immediately and blessed only mankind.
D. It would be a shadow kind of optimism to believe that the introduction of the art of inventing has benefited mankind immediately and brought them only benefit.
Since we are social beings, the quality of our lives depends in large measure on our interpersonal relationships. One strength of the human conditions is our possibility to give and receive support from one another under stressful(有压力的) conditions. Social support makes up of the exchange of resources among people based on their interpersonal（人际间的） ties. Those of us with strong support systems appear better able to deal with major life changes and daily problems. People with strong social ties live longer and have better health than those without such ties. Studies over types of illnesses, from depression (抑郁症) to heart disease, show that the presence of social support helps people defend themselves against illness, and the absence of such support makes poor health more likely.
Social support cushions stress in a number of ways. First, friends, relatives and co-workers may let us know that they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel accepted by others in spite of (尽管) our faults and difficulties. Second, other people often provide us with informational support. They help us to define and understand our problems and find solutions to them. Third, we typically find social companionship ( 同伴) supportive. Taking part in free-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same time distracting(转移注意力) us from our worries and troubles. Finally, other people may give us instrumental (手段的) support—money aid, material resources, and needed services—that reduces stress by helping us resolve and deal with our problems.
41. Interpersonal relationships are important because they can help us to ______ .
A. live a better life B. smooth away daily problems
C. deal with life changes D. cure types of illnesses
42. The researches show that people’s physical and mental health ______ .
A. lies in the social medical care systems which support them
B. has much to do with the amount of support they get from others
C. depends on their ability to deal with daily worries and troubles
D. is related to their courage for dealing with major life changes
43. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined word “cushions” ?
A. takes place of B. makes up of
C. reduces the effect of D. gets rid of
44. Helping a sick neighbor with some repair work is an example of ______ .
A. instrumental support B. informational support
C. social companionship D. the strengthening of self-respect
45. What is the subject discussed in the text?
A. Interpersonal relationships. B. Kinds of social support.
C. Ways to deal with stress. D. Effects of stressful conditions.
There are two types of people in the world. Although they have equal degree of health and wealth and other comforts of life, one becomes happy and the other becomes unhappy. This arises from the different ways in which they consider things, persons，events and the resulting effects upon their minds.
People who are to be happy fix their attention on the convenience of things: the pleasant parts of conversation, the well prepared dishes, the goodness of the wine and the fine weather. They enjoy all the cheerful things. Those who are to be unhappy think and speak only of the opposite things. Therefore, they are continually dissatisfied. By their remarks, they sour (使变坏) the pleasure of society, offend(顶撞) many people, and make themselves disagreeable everywhere. If this turn of mind was founded in nature, such unhappy persons would be the more to be pitied. The intention of criticizing(批评) and being disliked is perhaps taken up by imitation(模仿). It grows into a habit, unknown to its possessors. The habit may be strong, but it may be cured when those who have realized its bad effects on their interests and tastes. I hope this little warning may be of service to them, and help them change this habit.
Although in fact it is chiefly an act of the imagination, it has serious results in life since it brings on deep sorrow and bad luck. Those people offend many others; nobody loves them, and no one treats them with more than the most common politeness and respect. This frequently puts them in bad temper and draws them into arguments. If they aim at getting some advantages in social position or fortune, nobody wishes them success. Nor will anyone start a step or speak a word to favor their hopes. If they bring on themselves public objections, no one will defend or excuse them, and many will join to criticize their wrongdoings. These people should change this bad habit and be pleased with what is pleasing, without worrying needlessly about themselves and others. If they do not, it will be good for others to avoid any contact(接触) with them. Otherwise, it can be disagreeable and sometimes very inconvenient, especially when one becomes mixed up in their quarrels.
46. People who are unhappy ______ .
A. always consider things differently from others
B. usually are affected by the results of certain things
C. usually misunderstand what others think or say
D. always discover the unpleasant side of certain things
47 The phrase“ sour the pleasure of society” most nearly means“ ______ ”.
A. have a good taste with social life B. make others unhappy
C. scold others openly D. enjoy the pleasure of life
48. We can infer from the passage that ______ .
A. we should pity all such unhappy people
B. such unhappy people are dangerous to social life
C. unhappy people should and can get rid of the habit of unhappiness
D. unhappy people cannot understand happy persons
49. If such unhappy persons insist on keeping the habit, the author suggests that people should ______ .
A. avoid any communication with them
B. show no respect an politeness to them
C. persuade them to recognize the bad effects
D. quarrel with them until they realize the mistakes
50. In this passage9 the writer mainly ______ .
A. describes two types of people
B. laughs at the unhappy people
C. suggests the unhappy people should get rid of the habits of unhappiness
D. tells people how to e happy in life
51. She returned with a(n) ______ of books. (arm)
52. The government has to take measures to control the birth rate, because of the large ______ . (popular) .
53. The power cut left the room in complete ______ .(dark)
54. He has a strong accent and I have much ______ in following what he says. (difficult)
55. Unlike her quiet sister, she is very ______ . (talk)
56. Much of the work in the library has been ______ . (computer)
57. The old lady went to a ______ near at hand for some bread. (bake)
58. The professor asked him to cut out the ______ details in his paper. (relevant)
59. Some people believe that smoking may ______ one’s life. Not only cancer, but also heart and lung diseases are related with smoking. (short)
60. It is no use ______ over the mistakes you have made. (cry)
66.“ A foreigner’s first impression of the U.S. is likely to be that everyone is in a rush--- often under pressure.”