广西大学自学考试沟通考试试卷-英语二
发布时间:2014-01-03 09:35   访问次:【字体:  
课程代号:00015         课程名称:   英语(二)      
试卷类型:通卷          命题教师签名:寒琴 

一、 单项填空 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)从ABCD四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项
1. —I’m going to Thailand this summer holiday.
—____   (    )
A. Have a nice trip!       B. Write to me.    C. Take care!   D. When will you go?
 
2. The old woman walks ___ dog after ___supper every day. (    )
     A. a; the         B. /; /                C. the; the          D. the; /
 
3. I _____ for Beijing tonight for there is to be an important meeting.(    )
A. am leaving             B. leaves              C. left         D. would leave
 
4. I’d prefer ___ in the office rather than ___ at home watching TV. (    )
 A. working; staying    B. working; stay   C. to work; stay     D. work; to stay
 
5. — How are you ______ your studies?(    )
— Far better. I’ve talked with some native speakers freely.
A. going on with       B. getting along with  
C. going through with   D. catching up with

6. Mrs. Smith was much ______ about the safety of her daughter who was on her mountain trip.(    )
A. pleased        B. excited         C. surprised        D. Concerned
 
7 . — The dog was ______ run over by a car. (    )
     — What a lucky dog!
     A. nearly      B. entirely     C. exactly       D. Hardly
 
8. In the storm in Myanmar (缅甸), huge numbers of houses lay ________ ruins and the world there seemed to be ________ an end. (    )
A. in; in          B. under; in       C. under; at        D. in; at
 
9. London is the only place ______ I am fond of in the UK. (    )
A. which           B. that           C. where          D. What
 
10. It was in southwest China’s Sichuan Province _____ the earthquake caused a great   
 loss. (    )
A. where        B. which        C. when       D. That
 
11. In my ______, there is no need to worry about exams. (    )
     A. idea           B. view            C. thought        D. Information
 
12. Because of my poor health, I have to ______ this long expected trip. (    )
     A. give up         B. give away   C. give off      D. give in
 
13. Do you know the student ______ bike was broken? (    )
A. which     B. that         C. whose     D. Who
 
14. As soon as she saw her mother, she _____ crying. (    )
   A. burst into   B. broke out   C. burst out   D. broke in
 
15. ____ you promise to buy her a gift, you can’t break it in any case. (    )
A. Once       B. Until        C. For         D. That
 
 
 
 
二、判断题(10小题;每小题1分,共10
   下面的短文后列出了10个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断;如果该句提供的是正确信息,选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,选择C.
           Moderate Earthquake Strikes England
    A moderate earthquake struck parts of southeast England on 28 April 2007,toppling chimneys from houses and rousing residents from their beds. Several thousand people were left without power1 in Kent County. One woman suffered minor head and neck injuries.
    "lt felt as if the whole house was being slid across like a fun-fair ride,3" said the woman.
    The British Geological Survey said the 4.3-magnitude quake4 struck at 8:19 a.m. and was centered under the English Channel5,about 8.5 miles south of Dover6 and near the entrance to the Channel Tunnel7.
    Witnesses said cracks appeared in walls and chimneys collapsed across the county. Residents said the tremor had lasted for about 10 to 15 seconds.
    "I was lying in bed and it felt as if someone had just got up from bed next to me." said Hendrick van Eck,27,of Canterbury8 about 60 miles southeast of London."I then heard the sound of cracking,and it was getting heavier and heavier9.It felt as if someone was at the end of my bed hopping up and down."
    There are thousands of moderate quakes on this scale around the world each year,but they are rare in Britain. The April 28 quake was the strongest in Britain since 2002 when a 4.8-magnitude  quake struck the central England city of Birmingham10.
    The country's strongest earthquake took place in the North Sea in 1931,measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale11. British Geological Survey scientist Roger Musson said the quake took place on 28  April in an area that had seen several of the biggest erthquakes ever to strike Britain,including one in 1580 that caused damage in London and was felt in France.12 Musson predicted that it  was only a matter of time13 before another earthquake struck this part of England. However,people should not be scared too much by this prediction,Musson said,as the modern earthquake warning system of Britain should be able to detect a forthcoming quake and announce it several hours before it takes place. This would allow time for people to evacuate  and reduce damage to the minimum.

16. During the April 28 earthquake,the whole England was left without power. (    )
A  True                B  False                 C  Not Given

17. The Channel Tunnel was closed for 10 hours after the earthquake occurred. (    )
A  True                B  False                 C  Not Given

18. It was reported that one lady had got her head and neck injured,but not seriously.
A  True                B  False                 C  Not Given

19. France and several other European countries sent their medical teams to work side by side with the British doctors. (    )
A  True                B  False                 C  Not Given

20. The country's strongest earthquake took place in London in 1580. (    )
A  True                B  False                 C  Not Given

21. Musson predicted that another earthquake would occur in southeast England sooner or later.
   (    )
A  True                B  False                 C  Not Given

22. It can be inferred from the passage that England is rarely hit by high magnitude earthquakes.
   (    )
A  True                B  False                 C  Not Given
 
23. The 4.3-magnitude quake struck at 8:19 p.m in England and was centered under the English Channel. (    )
A  True                B  False                 C  Not Given
 
24. When the earthquake happened on 28 April people did not notice it. (    )
A  True                B  False                 C  Not Given
 
25. Musson said the April 28 earthquake caused damage in London and was felt in France. (    )
A  True                B  False                 C  Not Given
 
 
三、阅读理解(共10小题;每小题3分,共30分)
从A,B,C,D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项
PART   A
    Before the 1850’s, the United States had a number of small colleges, most of them dating from colonial days. They were small, church connected institutions whose primary concern was to shape the moral character of their students.
    Throughout Europe, institutions of higher learning had developed, bearing the ancient name of university. In German university was concerned primarily with creating and spreading knowledge, not morals. Between mid-century and the end of the 1800’s, more than nine thousand young Americans, dissatisfied with their training at home, went to Germany for advanced study. Some of them return to become presidents of venerable colleges-----Harvard, Yale, Columbia---and transform them into modern universities. The new presidents broke all ties with the churches and brought in a new kind of faculty. Professors were hired for their knowledge of a subject, not because they were of the proper faith and had a strong arm for disciplining students. The new principle was that a university was to create knowledge as well as pass it on, and this called for a faculty composed of teacher-scholars. Drilling and learning by rote were replaced by the German method of lecturing, in which the professor’s own research was presented in class. Graduate training leading to the Ph.D., an ancient German degree signifying the highest level of advanced scholarly attainment, was introduced. With the establishment of the seminar system, graduate student learned to question, analyze, and conduct their own research.
     At the same time, the new university greatly expanded in size and course offerings, breaking completely out of the old, constricted curriculum of mathematics, classics, rhetoric, and music. The president of Harvard pioneered the elective system, by which students were able to choose their own course of study. The notion of major fields of study emerged. The new goal was to make the university relevant to the real pursuits of the world. Paying close heed to the practical needs of society, the new universities trained men and women to work at its tasks, with engineering students being the most characteristic of the new regime. Students were also trained as economists, architects, agriculturalists, social welfare workers, and teachers.
 
26. The word”this”(sentence 8,Para.2)refers to which of the following? (    )
A.Creating and passing on knowledge B.Drilling and learning by note
C.Disciplining students             D.Developing moral principles
 
27. According to  the passage ,the seminar system encouraged students to (    )
A.discuss moral issues          B.study the classics,rhetoric,and music
C.study overseas               D.work more independently
 
28. Tt can be inferred from the passage that before 1850s,all of the following were characteristic of higher education EXCEPT (    )
A.the elective system          B.drilling
C.strict discipline            D.rote  learning
 
29. Those who favored the new university would be likely to agree with  which of the following statements? (    )
A.Learning is best achieved through discipline and drill
B.Shaping the moral character of students should be the primary gpal
C.Higher education should prepare students to contribute to society
D.Teachers should select their students’courses
 
30. Why did many students decide to study aboard? (    )
A.Because thousands of young Americans wanted to go to Germany to study
B.Because young Americans were not satisfied with their school system in the USA
C.Because American professors were not as good as those abroad
D.Because European universities were not connected with churches
PART   B
If the salinity of ocean waters is analyzed, it is found to vary only slightly from place to place. Nevertheless, some of these small changes are important. There are three basic processes that cause a change in oceanic salinity. One of these is the subtraction of water from the ocean by means of evaporation—— conversion of liquid water to water vapor. In this manner the salinity is increased, since the salts stay behind. If this is carried to the extreme, of course, white crystals of salt would be left behind.
  The opposite of evaporation is precipitation, such as rain, by which water is added to the ocean. Here the ocean is being diluted so that the salinity is decreased. This may occur in areas of high rainfall or in coastal regions where rivers flow into the ocean. Thus salinity may be increased by the subtraction of water by evaporation, or decreased by the addition of fresh water by precipitation or runoff.
  Normally, in tropical regions where the sun is very strong, the ocean salinity is somewhat higher than it is in other parts of the world where there is not as much evaporation. Similarly, in coastal regions where rivers dilute the sea, salinity is somewhat lower than in other oceanic areas.
  A third process by which salinity may be altered is associated with the formation and melting of sea ice. When sea water is frozen, the dissolved materials are left behind. In this manner, sea water directly materials are left behind. In this manner, sea water directly beneath freshly formed sea ice has a higher salinity than it did before the ice appeared. Of course, when this ice melts, it will tend to decrease the salinity of the surrounding water.
  In the Weddell Sea Antarctica, the densest water in the oceans is formed as a result of this freezing process, which increases the salinity of cold water. This heavy water sinks and is found in the deeper portions of the oceans of the world.
 
31. What does the passage mainly discuss?(    )
A.The elements of salt        B.The bodies of water of the world
C.The many forms of ocean life     D.The salinity of ocean water
 
32. According to the passage,the ocean generally has more salt in (    )
A.coastal areas     B.tropical  areas    C.rainy  areas    D.turbulent areas
 
33. All of the following are processes that decrease salinity EXCEPT(    )
A.evaporation    B.precipitation    C.runoff    D.melting
 
34. The word “altered ”in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to (    )
A.determined   B.changed    C.accumulated    D.needed
 
 
35.Which of the following is NOT a result of the formation of ocean ice? (    )
A.The salt remains in the water     B.The surrounding water sinks
C.Water salinity  decreases        D.The water becomes denser
 
四、选词填空(共5小题;每题2分,共10
下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,期中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。
Are parents the best teachers?  
Obviously, in most cases the earliest teachers people have are their parents, and parents are generally most concerned about the development of their children.   36    
First of all,not all parents are good teachers. As normal individuals, some parents more or less have some bad habits. Even though parents almost instinctively(本能地) devote themselves to cultivating their offspring, the outcome might turn out to be disappointment, for all children tend to unconsciously or subconsciously copy everything including bad ones from their parents.          
     37    All too often we observe some parents tend to pursue their cherished but failed dream by forcing their children to develop in a prearranged direction. Ironically, when their children do not follow the instructions, the children will be regarded as disobedient or allegedly rebellious. In fact, it is parents rather than their children that virtually disobey common senses.
Moreover, some parents are qualified as good teachers, but not all of them are the best ones. When children are in the preliminary school, it is not surprising that parents are perhaps capable of teaching their children almost every subject even better than professional teachers in the school.
   38      We live in a world where knowledge is accumulated by multiplying and at the same time becomes more and more specialized. Therefore, to be a professional in a certain field today takes much longer time than has ever been before.      39               
Parents may , nevertheless , help their children much more than do good teachers. Most parts of children education are virtually beyond teachers’reaches. It is parents that supplement. Psychology studies have shown us that parent’s love sometimes has astonishingly magic power to their children.                 40       .On the other hand, parents might do their children harm more than do bad teachers as well. The natures of those children whose parents have divorced are often severely distorted. In a word , it is rather superficial to simply say that parents are the best teachers.
 
A、But the situation will not last long
B、Now all we needed are some children and a good teacher
C、However, it is not completely true to say that parents are the best teachers. 
D、No parent is able to be professional in all fields, though they might be experts in one or more fields.
E、Albeit Einstein’s mother and that of Forest Gump are both good examples.
F、Another disadvantage of parents as teachers is the fact that most parents are lack of common senses of education..
 
36.__________   37.__________    38.__________  39.____________  40.___________
 
五、翻译(共5小题;每题3分,共15分)
45.Urban planners in practice have to take many interests groups in society into account.
                                                                        
46.The significance for college students of doing a part-time job means more than money and experience.
                                                                               
47.The last five years have seen a consistent improvement in the country’s economy.
                                                                    
48.无论做什么,你都需要有积极的态度。
                                                                      
广西大学自学考试沟通考试试卷-英语二试题

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